Menopause and its effects on skin and hair.

Menopause, as the name suggests, is the suspension of woman hormones for good. These days women attain menopause by the time they are 45, if not earlier. This is all thanks to the lifestyle, stress, food habits, pollution, and hormones in our daily lives.

What happens during menopause to your skin and hair?

The onslaught of menopause leads to low oestrogen levels, causing:

  • Excessive drying of skin hydration and mucous membrane. So you get flaky, dry, sensitive and itchy skin, dry lips and vagina, dry nails with longitudinal ridges.
  • Decreased collagen synthesis and increased destruction of its structure, leading to accelerated skin ageing.
  • Decreased cell turnover and sloughing making the skin look dull and darker.
  • Alteration in thermoregulation—hot flushes, redness on your face, or exacerbation of conditions like acne or rosacea.
  • Melasma—pigmentation on your cheeks, forehead, nose, and upper lip.
  • Unopposed action of male hormones—excessive hair on the chin, hair thinning, or hair fall.
  • Fat resorption from the face—sagging of the soft tissue.
  • Decreased calcium absorption, bone resorption, causes structural collapse of the face.

How to deal with this?

If you have been taking good care of your skin, by the time you hit 35, your skin will not go through major lows. You can up your moisturizer though and buy creams with special anti-ageing actives. You have to take special care of your skin with gentle treatment products. Since the body metabolism slows down, some stretching exercises to deal with spot weight gain can also help. You also need to workout to keep your joints and bones healthy. You can seek professional help to reduce fine lines, and moisturize your skin. You could just be suffering from iron deficiency. Even if you are not anaemic and your haemoglobin is within normal limits, the elemental iron could be low. Check your serum ferritin and B12; Ferritin should be between 80 and 100. The cause for dark circles and hair fall could just be this and it is treatable.

Hair woes

Thinning hair and hair fall is another problem that crops up as you hit menopause. Many of my patients come to me not for skin but hair woes. As you grow older, your hair starts to get dry and scanty. The texture gets fine and becomes more susceptible to breakage and of course it goes grey. None of that is complementary to our looks. You can definitely start colouring your hair. Look for an ammonia-free colour which is much more gentle on the strands. Go easy on the blow dry. Avoid heavy-duty irons and dryers at the salon. Oiling your hair, especially a good scalp massage, is a good thing to being with if you have not been doing so. Do not forget take your daily supplements.

At Ra we have various treatments and supplements to reduce the effect of menopause. Dr Rashmi Shetty says “It’s very important to keep your skin moisturised and hydrated to reduce the effects of menopause. One can use the right night cream which nourishes, hydrates and has properties which will rejuvenate your skin.

Summer Travel Care

If you are packing your bags for an exotic travel destination, make sure your skin is prepared to face the environmental onslaught of that place. Holiday getaways can be refreshing for the body and soul and de-stress your mind, but when you loosen your knots and blast out on a new destination, you often tend to ignore the needs of your skin. The harsh sun of on island can leave sunburns and the dry winds of a mountain getaway can cause dryness. So, as you step out on a vacation, do not forget the needs of your skin. You certainly do not want dull, dry, and patchy skin when you return from the holiday.

  • Make sure you moisturize and hydrate your skin in advance of your travel plans. When we travel, we often get busy in other details and forget our skincare regime. Moisturize your skin and hair at least a week in advance—coconut oil is a good option for a skin and hair massage that will deeply hydrate the body and scalp. Some hydrating cosmetic procedures and hydrating facials can be beneficial.
  • If you are heading to a sunny destination, it would be good to take a Botox shot for your frown lines a week in advance because sun glare accentuates them and you do not want to return from the vacation with accentuated frown lines. This will also make you look fresh and relaxed at the holiday.
  • If you have to spend the day out in the open, you should take care of removing the layer of dust and pollution or even bacteria that settles on top of your skin. Make sure to carry a face wash and a moisturizer in your handbag and keep washing your face and applying the lotion 2-3 times a day. Also carry quality wet face wipes that can come to your help in case you do not have clean water. When travelling, you want to look good 24/7, so you are bound to wear make up most of the time. But no matter however tired or busy you are, do not forget to remove your make up at the end of the day.
  • If you are on a holiday, you are bound to spend most of the time outdoors even if it is a humid and hot destination. Excessive sweating in such situations can be a problem. It would help if you undertake a Botox procedure to cut down on underarm sweating. We all know how excessive sweating on the palms can be such a social and professional embarrassment. When administered under the arm, Botox can control the sweat glands and prevent sweating that can cause discomfort, patches on the clothes, and body odour.
  • In such a situation you may have breakouts, so an emergency kit with anti-breakout applicants is important.
  • It is also very important to ensure you are taking sufficient rest. Plan your itinerary in such a way that there is enough time for rest. Don’t forget to carry a good protective pair of sunglasses on a summer destination. They are vital to protect the eyes against the glare of the sun and also the delicate skin around the eyes. Better go for a UV protection offering product.
  • Always carry a hand sanitizer, because we keep touching our faces with hands and you certainly do not want to infect your face skin.
  • If your face sweats a lot, carry a spring water mist and keep spraying on your face and wiping with a tissue to keep yourself fresh. Also, do not keep reusing your hand towel.
  • Drink enough water so that even if you are drinking a lot of alcohol or consuming junk food, your body should be cleansed.
  • It is important to take care of your hair too. If on a beach, oil your hair well or use a sun protection serum. Even plain coconut oil acts as a very good sun protection agent.

Your skincare will also depend on the type of destination you are heading to. No matter where you go it is important to MOISTURIZE, HYDRATE and protect your skin with SUNSCREEN.