Summer Travel Care

If you are packing your bags for an exotic travel destination, make sure your skin is prepared to face the environmental onslaught of that place. Holiday getaways can be refreshing for the body and soul and de-stress your mind, but when you loosen your knots and blast out on a new destination, you often tend to ignore the needs of your skin. The harsh sun of on island can leave sunburns and the dry winds of a mountain getaway can cause dryness. So, as you step out on a vacation, do not forget the needs of your skin. You certainly do not want dull, dry, and patchy skin when you return from the holiday.

  • Make sure you moisturize and hydrate your skin in advance of your travel plans. When we travel, we often get busy in other details and forget our skincare regime. Moisturize your skin and hair at least a week in advance—coconut oil is a good option for a skin and hair massage that will deeply hydrate the body and scalp. Some hydrating cosmetic procedures and hydrating facials can be beneficial.
  • If you are heading to a sunny destination, it would be good to take a Botox shot for your frown lines a week in advance because sun glare accentuates them and you do not want to return from the vacation with accentuated frown lines. This will also make you look fresh and relaxed at the holiday.
  • If you have to spend the day out in the open, you should take care of removing the layer of dust and pollution or even bacteria that settles on top of your skin. Make sure to carry a face wash and a moisturizer in your handbag and keep washing your face and applying the lotion 2-3 times a day. Also carry quality wet face wipes that can come to your help in case you do not have clean water. When travelling, you want to look good 24/7, so you are bound to wear make up most of the time. But no matter however tired or busy you are, do not forget to remove your make up at the end of the day.
  • If you are on a holiday, you are bound to spend most of the time outdoors even if it is a humid and hot destination. Excessive sweating in such situations can be a problem. It would help if you undertake a Botox procedure to cut down on underarm sweating. We all know how excessive sweating on the palms can be such a social and professional embarrassment. When administered under the arm, Botox can control the sweat glands and prevent sweating that can cause discomfort, patches on the clothes, and body odour.
  • In such a situation you may have breakouts, so an emergency kit with anti-breakout applicants is important.
  • It is also very important to ensure you are taking sufficient rest. Plan your itinerary in such a way that there is enough time for rest. Don’t forget to carry a good protective pair of sunglasses on a summer destination. They are vital to protect the eyes against the glare of the sun and also the delicate skin around the eyes. Better go for a UV protection offering product.
  • Always carry a hand sanitizer, because we keep touching our faces with hands and you certainly do not want to infect your face skin.
  • If your face sweats a lot, carry a spring water mist and keep spraying on your face and wiping with a tissue to keep yourself fresh. Also, do not keep reusing your hand towel.
  • Drink enough water so that even if you are drinking a lot of alcohol or consuming junk food, your body should be cleansed.
  • It is important to take care of your hair too. If on a beach, oil your hair well or use a sun protection serum. Even plain coconut oil acts as a very good sun protection agent.

Your skincare will also depend on the type of destination you are heading to. No matter where you go it is important to MOISTURIZE, HYDRATE and protect your skin with SUNSCREEN.

The causes of dark spots & its remedies

The Sun: UV rays produce excess melanin, which is deposited in the skin.

Inflammation: Trauma to the skin is one of the main causes for hyperpigmentation, and also responsible for sharp, blunt or normal irritation and inflammation.

Acne: The more severe the blemish the more inflamed the skin is, and the more likely it is to pigment. Inflamed areas naturally produce more melanin.

Hormones: Pregnancy, birth control, and menopause can cause a spike in melanin production.

Lasers and peels: Laser and strong chemical peels cause inflammation, and the body may respond with brown patches or stripes.

Medication: Some antibiotics (sulphonamides and tetracyclines) and medications to treat Parkinson’s disease, cancer, diabetes, and heart disease, can lead to dark patches as an allergic reaction or because of increased sun sensitivity.

Regardless of what caused your skin to become uneven in tone, the slightest bit of sun exposure (mere minutes in the sun can be enough for some) can trigger the skin to kick melanin production into overdrive. That’s why wearing sunscreen daily is stressed in almost all the sections.

Surface pigmentation vs. deep pigmentation

When pigmentation is on the top most layer of your skin, the discolouration is more of a light brown colour and is more diffused. It also responds better to treatment. Pigmentation deep within skin takes on more of a dark brown or grey shade and is solid and hence harder to treat.

Chemical peels

These are a series of light ‘chemical’ peels that use Salicylic Acid, Lactic Acid, Glycolic Acid, resorcinol, TCA, Jessner’s solution etc. They can improve skin texture and colour.

Laser resurfacing treatments and intense pulsed light (IPL)

Laser treatments—in which a beam of fractionated energy is delivered to skin to incite a wound-healing response— can work wonders to correct hyperpigmentation or more specifically sunspots and acne scars. When using lasers to treat hyperpigmentation, it is important that a low- energy, non-ablative fractional laser is used. Otherwise, new or more pigmentation can develop. Nd: YAG lasers can also be used to treat spots.

Enzymes

Enzymes are tiny little proteins that accelerate chemical reactions in skin cells and on the surface of the skin, they are responsible for softening it. They also dissolve and digest old, dry skin cells so that you can wash them away easily to reveal healthy, glowing skin. Enzymes tend to be gentler than acids in chemically loosening the cells of your outer most layer. Enzymes are less acidic and have a pH value closer to the skin’s natural state. Every fruit has an enzyme and all of them can help, so you can simply use the pulp to massage or apply it as a pack and let it stay on for 15 minutes.

Keep your skin free from pigmentation!

Everything You need to know about Open Pores.

This is one complaint that everyone has irrespective of their age, and why not? Even if you have absolutely clean complexion, if the pores are wide open, your skin does not look beautiful. The skin actually starts to look dull because it does not reflect light evenly. When this gets linked with oily skin, comedones (bumps on the skin that give it a rough texture), and acne, you end up hating this condition further. It is important you have your pores nice and closed so that your skin looks flawless and bright.

Why do you get open pores?
Sometimes you are genetically prone to have open pore skin, maybe in combination with oily skin. Then as you age, your skin gets relaxed and the pores open up. Excessively steaming your face during a facial or while body steaming and sauna, or the latest craze of hot yoga, can lead to permanently relaxed pores.

How to deal with it?
The simplest thing you can do is use absolutely chilled water from your fridge and splash it on your face. That acts like an instant toner which tightens up your pores. Also, make sure that every time you go to a salon, ask them to use cool mist after they have done the blackhead extraction and deep cleansing. Ask them to put a cold towel on your face while you are in a steam chamber. Splash cold water on your face after a hot shower. You can use ice cubes wrapped in a bit of muslin on your pores as a cooling pack. You can try a mask with kaolin clay or fuller’s earth (multani mitti) to tighten the pores. Apply calamine lotion to calm the skin. Try mild peels on your own at home. Buy either Kojic Acid 6–20%, Azelaic Acid 10–20%, or Salicylic Acid of around 2%, which are all available over the counter. You can apply them one at a time and leave it overnight and see how your skin takes it. Once your skin gets used to it, you can mix all the three and apply it. Leave it on for a couple of hours and see how your skin reacts. Once it adjusts to the blend, you can leave it overnight. If you have oily skin, use this twice a week, and if your skin is dry, then apply it only once a week. Application of Tretinoin and Retino-A ointments at night over a period of time also helps. Look for pore minimizing creams or serums for wearing under your sunscreen during the day.

At your skin doctor’s
You can also go to your doctor’s to get mild peels done regularly. Ask for    Retin-A peels and medium depth peels. You can do Mesotherapy wherein Botox is injected underneath your skin to shrink the pores. You can also opt for collagen remodelling laser treatment which shrinks the pores automatically. You also get done special treatments for pores at RA.

  • Pore Tightening Peels
  • Pore and oil reducing special peels
  • Instant Pore Tightening and a lot more.

Skin and Haircare in the 30s

So you have hit the big 3 ‘oh’s! You have a good career, a good set of friends, and more stability in life than before. More importantly, you are done with student life and feel all grown up! But this is the time when you are also starting to worry just a bit when you look in the mirror. Maybe, you spot a hint of the fine line or extra pigment. Yes, it is time to visit your doctor. As you progress in your 30s, some of the signs of photo- ageing start to show up. Especially, as you cross your 35th year, you will notice more pigmentation and dull skin issues. But if you have been religiously following a good skin care routine in your younger years, the impact might be less. Anti-ageing treatment does not mean that you address it after you see the first wrinkle. Take the preventive care approach. If you take care now, then your skin will thank you much later. Ageing for me does not mean the number of candles on your cake, but how your skin looks and feels. So before pigmentation and fine lines become a challenge, try this regime. The most important thing is to find a right exfoliating face wash or scrub that goes well with your skin type. This illuminates your skin and keeps it soft and supple.
Your 5-step regimen:

Step 1: 

Continue with the regime you set up in your 20s. You may add a little more to your cleansing routine. Use the combination of makeup remover and a face wash to get a really clean skin. In your cleansing routine, add a gentle scrub every alternate night. You can also look for a face wash that contains some exfoliating actives like AHA. This is because your skin’s natural sloughing off process starts to slow down now.

Step 2: 

Take special care of the under eye area and lips. Use a lightening, capillary stabilizing cream like Vit K, blood pigment clearing lotion like Arnica under-eye gel or cream every night. Use a concealer with a good moisturizer during the day. Sunscreen is important here too. For eye and lip care refer to the earlier chapter. Use beeswax-based lip butter with an SPF to keep them soft.

Step 3:

Continue with your sunscreen. You can also wear a moisturizer with ceramides additionally as the skin tends to get drier now.

Step 4:

At night you can change your night cream from a simple one to one that has ingredients like Retin A, AHA, BHA, other skin lighteners, collagen boosters, and other anti-oxidants. Also, start giving some attention to your body skin as well. You can also start using a firming cream if you feel the need. Do not forget your neck and back of your hands especially.

Step 5: 

Now is the time to get some professional help. Start with your supplements for skin and hair health. 

Hair Care 

The 30s is when you really have to start taking care of your hair. As your body goes through some changes due to varied reasons like pregnancy or changing hormonal levels, your hair starts to show signs of ageing. You might find it getting frizzy. Hair gets dry while the scalp can get oily. Hair fall starts to become an issue. So keep up with your oil massage and shampoo regime. You can actually do it every alternate day. Post-shampoo, you can use a protein hair mask to strengthen the strands. Start applying a serum after washing it to tame frizz and flyaways. Avoid rubbing your wet hair with a towel. Instead, wrap it in a muslin (not Turkish) towel at the nape of your neck. Opt for air-drying your hair as much as possible. Protect your hair from the sun with umbrellas and sun protection hair sprays now easily available in the market. If you see hair fall, this could be a sign of hormonal imbalance. Common at this age is polycystic ovaries or iron deficiency leading to anaemia.

Protein infusion for your hair 

Apply egg on your head. Or whisk an egg with some yoghurt and apply the mask to your hair and scalp. Leave it on for a while. Shampoo and condition as usual. If you can’t stand the smell, then add a few drops of lavender essential oil. It has a calming effect on the irritated scalp.

As you age there are prominent changes which can make your skin look dull, make sure care for your skin and do the right things at the right time.